Top 10 Programming Languages for App Development

Programming Languages

It is common to have questions on app development procedures, especially the important one – which one is the best programming language for app development.

If you have an awesome app idea but not sure about choosing the best programming language that suits your project? Then this article is for you.

So let’s clear the basics first, the apps which are built for the specific OS are called native apps. The native app is installed on the mobile device and the app which can be accessed through internet browsing is a web app. Native apps have a lot of flexibility and can perform tasks in a much efficient way like sending push notifications, utilize device-specific features, share data from one device to another, and more.

So, here are the top 10 programming languages that are used by the majority of the businesses worldwide for mobile app development. Choosing them is completely dependent on your project type, business goals, what features you want in your app, efficiency, scaling, ease of maintenance, and more.

1. Python


No wonder why is Python no.1 on this list; because of its versatility, flexibility, and ease of use, Python is always the favorite for programmers. Not only for the app development but also for other areas like machine learning, automation, artificial intelligence, etc. Python proved to be the best programming language in the market.

It’s just best for application development. It comes with the most straightforward scripts and links to this database with great ease. With Python, it is possible to develop pretty much whatever you would like to. Python’s best thing is it may make a neural network for AI, something big businesses are contemplating now.

Its enormous standard library and its compatibility with effective systems make it convenient for enterprise app developers. Additionally, it’s simple syntax makes reading and redesigning relatively simpler.

You need to know that developers have progressed and adopted Python 3, as Python was discontinued in 2020.

2. Kotlin


Kotlin is a relatively new language and also an excellent alternative to Java. Kotin is a powerful and concise language that enables programmers to change the code more effectively with less time-to-market. Programmers can perform problem-solving with fewer code lines compared to Java, which saves time and mitigates the risk of error.

Programmers who are using Kotlin use the LibGdx library to make not merely Android games but also for cross platforms too. Besides Java, Kotlin is your very supported JVM language from the Android ecosystem.

Jetbrains, the founder of Kotlin, also established Android Studio for app development to deal with programmers’ pain points. Android Studio has become the conventional IDE for Android improvement.

3. JavaScript


JavaScript and Python are always in close competition. Over the last couple of years, JavaScript has kept its position at the top in enterprise app development. Enterprises are now searching for more front end web development solutions to redesign their apps.

JavaScript functions with both HTML and CSS to provide interactive applications. With flexible functionality, it’s come to be the go-to language for enterprise app development for many web development businesses.

Meanwhile, all of the other programming languages also have stayed stable. It demonstrates that web development services’ requirement remains rising, particularly with the debut of cloud-native practices.

4. C#


Anders Hejlsberg is the developer behind C#’s development in Microsoft, and it was launched in 2000. It’s an open-source language that’s beginner-friendly and a great alternative to C/C++. The tools which it supports are Unity, Xamarin, which are extremely handy.

C# is a straightforward language that’s also flexible and object-oriented. It enables the programmers to develop Android in addition to iOS applications.

But you have to understand that C# works best for internal business applications. If you’d like a traditional app for your enterprise, C# is the most suitable choice. However, if you’re interested in finding cloud-based services and web apps, JavaScript and Python would be the ones to consider.

5. PHP


The full form PHP is Hypertext Pre-processor is an open-source server-side scripting language. It’s been designed by Zend Technologies back in 1995.

It was previously developed for sites, but it has been used for general purpose Development now too.

Besides server-side scripting, it’s been utilized for its command-line script along with the coding application too. PHP is mostly a programming language utilized for creating dynamic sites, but it is possible to build Android and iOS Apps from PHP, according to Zend.

It’s been utilized in e-commerce websites, producing GUI, dynamic websites, generating pdfs, and also WordPress plugin development.

6. Swift


If you are interested in Apple products and mobile app development, Swift is an excellent place to get started. In 2014, Apple announced that Swift is a relatively new programming language used to create iOS and macOS software.

Swift was optimized for performance and constructed from the ground up to match modern iOS development realities. iOS operate on both iPhone and iPad, but it is also the foundation for other operating systems like watchOS (such as Apple Watches) and tvOS (such as Apple TVs). Additionally, Apple is not going anywhere as a technology business pioneer, and iOS apps are still the most profitable in the mobile app market.

7. C++


Among the most challenging programming languages for application development, obtaining an understanding and knowledge of C makes learning different languages like C++. As it’s a machine-level language, a tester with its knowledge doesn’t find it hard to examine an app written in almost any language.

It is regarded as the building block of several other languages found in the market. It is made up of a lot of functions, which include system-generated works. It’s portable and can be set-up quickly. C++ gets the capacity to organize the program in a clear, logical, and straightforward manner

8. Java


It is not possible to become a software developer nowadays without using JavaScript in some manner. Almost 70 percent of survey respondents reported they had utilized JavaScript in the last year.

In addition to HTML and CSS, JavaScript is vital to front-end web development. The vast majority of the internet’s most well-known websites, from Facebook and Twitter to Gmail and YouTube, rely upon JavaScript to make interactive web pages and display content to customers.

Although JavaScript is mainly a front-end language operates on the browser, it may also be used on the server-side through Node.js to construct scalable network applications. Node.js is compatible with Linux, Windows, SunOS, Mac OS X, and Windows.

Since JavaScript includes a forgiving, flexible syntax and functions across all significant browsers, it’s among novices’ friendliest programming languages.

9. Rust


Rust is a little bit of an upstart among the other languages on this list, but it does not mean it is not a precious language to learn. Stack Overflow’s 2019 Developer Survey discovered that Rust was the most enjoyed programming language among programmers for the fourth year in a row, together with 83.5% of Rust programmers stating they would like to keep on working with it.

Developed by the Mozilla Corporation, Rust, such as C and C++, is intended primarily for low-level systems programming. What Rust adds into the combination, however, is an emphasis on security and speed. Rust highlights writing “safe code” by preventing applications from accessing parts of memory, which they should not, which may result in unexpected behavior and system crashes.

The benefits of Rust imply that other major tech companies, for example, Dropbox and Coursera, are already starting to use it. When it might be somewhat more challenging to learn than other beginner languages, Rust programming skills are very likely to pay off handsomely since the language popularity will continue to grow in the not too distant future.

10. Ruby


With many tools and libraries available and the language, Ruby is very simple to use the programming language that doesn’t need you to learn programming vocabulary or commands. Fairly popular on small sites, Ruby doesn’t provide the anticipated performance on large sites. Having a full-stack framework, testing any program that’s been developed with Ruby is simple.

Ruby language is quick, efficient & user friendly. It consists of understandable & straightforward syntax. It includes a broad global community with a lot of online tutorials and learning tools.

Ruby on Rails is regarded as among the best frameworks that help you build web apps fast.


Choosing the right programming language for your project can be a little tedious but it can impact a lot on your project. The above-mentioned languages are the best of the best picks and can be the valid choice for your project. Before choosing the best programming language for your project just make sure satisfies all your requirements.

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